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Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research
ISSN: 2349-2996(Online), 2231-1149(Print)
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Effectiveness of the Video Teaching Program on Knowledge and Practice regarding the care of Physical and Psychological needs of Preschoolers among Parents
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Assistant Professor, Anand Institute of Nursing, Opp. Ghanteshwar Park, Jamnagar Road, Rajkot - 360006
Healthy children are the greatest resources and pride of a nation. Children are born to be healthy and happy to become productive adults in the future. A quantitative approach was adopted for the present study. Research hypotheses were formulated to find the effectiveness of the video teaching program. Review of literature was prepared relevant to the study. The conceptual framework adopted for this study was based on General system theory by Ludwig Von Bertlanffy (1968). The research design was pre-experimental one group pre-test post test design in nature. Non-probability convenience sampling technique was used to collect 20 fathers and 20 mothers as per the inclusion criteria. The content validity of the tool was validated by obtaining suggestions from the experts. The data were collected by using a questionnaire and checklist developed by the researcher. The tool reliability was significant. The data were collected by using a questionnaire and checklist developed by the researcher. The pilot study was conducted in Pasumalai, Madurai which was found to be feasible. The main study was conducted in Thanakkankulam, Madurai. A video teaching program was administered regarding the care of physical and psychological needs of preschoolers among fathers and mothers and was evaluated. The collected data were tabulated, analyzed and interpreted by using descriptive and inferential statistics2. Among fathers, the findings of the study revealed that post test knowledge score 26.9 was higher than the mean pre-test knowledge score 13.5. The obtained ‘t’ value was 18.08 which was significant at 0.05 level. The post test practice 57.95 was higher than the mean pre-test practice score 47.3.The obtained ‘t’ value was 20.27 which was significant at 0.05 level. Among mothers, the findings of the study revealed that post test knowledge score 27.3 was higher than the mean pre-test knowledge score 13.6. The obtained ‘t’ value was 21.23 which was significant at 0.05 level. The post test practice 58.4 was higher than the mean pre-test practice score 47.8. The obtained ‘t’ value was 8.82 which was significant at 0.05 level. After the video teaching program, the knowledge and practice of the fathers and mothers had improved. This study concluded that the video teaching program played a vital role in increasing the knowledge and practice level among fathers and mothers in the care of preschoolers. The investigator assured that, every parent who has taken part in this study will perform a greater part in promoting the care of their preschool children.
Effectiveness, Knowledge, Practice, Physical needs, Physiological needs, parents.
Francis L. Effectiveness of the Video Teaching Program on Knowledge and Practice regarding the care of Physical and Psychological needs of Preschoolers among Parents. Asian J. Nur. Edu. and Research.2017; 7(1): 73-76.
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