Volume No. :   8

Issue No. :  1

Year :  2018

ISSN Print :  2231-1149

ISSN Online :  2349-2996


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Effectiveness of Foot Bath in Reducing Selected Joint Pain among Elderly People



Address:   Mrs. Shruthi Keerthi.G1, Mrs. Malathi. K2, Dr. Sangamesh Nidagundi3
1Assist Prof. of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Sri Kalabyraveshwara Swamy College of Nursing, Bangalore
2Lecturer of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, M.S.Ramaiah Institute of Nursing education and Research
3Principal and Prof of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Sri Kalabyraveshwara Swamy College of Nursing, Bangalore
*Corresponding Author
DOI No: 10.5958/2349-2996.2018.00025.3

ABSTRACT:
Ageing is a natural, universal and inevitable process. The naturally occurring changes that are bound to occur are many, one such change is pain in the joints and the pain is considered as fifth vital sign. The study was aimed to assess the effectiveness of footbath in reducing selected joint pain among elderly people. An evaluative approach with quasi experimental non equivalent control pre test post test design was selected for the study. A total of 30 elderly people [15 experimental and 15 control group] with selected joint pain residing in urban areas of Mathikere health centre were selected by non-probability purposive sampling technique. The pre test level of joint pain was assessed using Modified Geriatric pain measure for both the groups. Footbath was provided to elderly people in the experimental group every alternative day for 2 weeks. Post test was conducted for both the groups using the same tool two weeks after pre test. Data were analysed by using descriptive and inferential statistics. The result revealed that, in the pre test majority of the subjects 86.66% (13) in the experimental group and 93.33% (14) in the control group had moderate pain, 13.33%(2) of the subjects in the experimental group had severe pain and 6.665%(1) of the subject in the control group had mild pain. In the post test majority of the subjects in the experimental group 66.66% (10) and 66.66% (10) in the control group had moderate pain, 33.33%(5) of the subjects in the experimental group and 6.66%(1) of the subject in the control group had mild pain and 26.66%(4) of the subjects in the control group had severe pain. The mean and standard deviation of the experimental group with respect to level of joint pain in the pre-test was 23.8, with standard deviation of 5.045 and that of the control group mean was 22.67 with the standard deviation of 4.530. The mean and standard deviation of experimental group with respect to level of joint pain in the post-test was 15.2 with the standard deviation of 4.143 and that of the control group mean was 24.53 with the standard deviation of 5.194. In the experimental group the calculated paired ‘t’ value was 11.21 which is statistically significant at P<0.01 level. The significant difference between the post-test scores of experimental group and control group with student ‘t’ value was 5.44 which is significant at p<0.01 level. Thus the footbath is effective in reducing the level of joint pain among elderly people.
KEYWORDS:
Foot bath, selected joint pain, elderly people.
Cite:
Shruthi Keerthi.G, Malathi. K, . Sangamesh Nidagundi. Effectiveness of Foot Bath in Reducing Selected Joint Pain among Elderly People. Asian J. Nursing Education and Research. 2018; 8(1): 118-126.
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