Volume No. :   8

Issue No. :  3

Year :  2018

ISSN Print :  2231-1149

ISSN Online :  2349-2996


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Pre Operative Anxiety of Children undergoing Elective Abdominal Surgery



Address:   Sumathi P. V1., Dr. Sreedevi T. R2.
1Assistant Professor, Lisie College of Nursing, Lisie Hospital, Ernakulum- 682018, Kerala, India
2Associate Professor, Govt. College of Nursing, Gandhinagar P.O, Kottayam 686008, Kerala, India
*Corresponding Author
DOI No: 10.5958/2349-2996.2018.00061.7

ABSTRACT:
Pre-operative anxiety is an important concern in children as it negatively affects the post operative recovery. The present study aimed to assess the preoperative anxiety of children undergoing elective abdominal surgery, its correlation with mother’s anxiety and association with selected variables. After getting ethical clearance from the Institutional ethical committee, written consent was obtained from the mothers of eligible children waiting for elective abdominal surgeries. Data was collected after the admission of the child to the ward which is the day before surgery. Measurement of anxiety was done by administering the anxiety rating scale to the child which was prepared by the investigator. Mother’s anxiety was measured by administering the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory STAI form Y1. A total of eighty eligible children with their respective mothers were enrolled in the study. Among the children 47.5 % had mild anxiety, 41.25% had moderate anxiety and 11.25% had severe anxiety. Among the mothers 18.75 % had mild anxiety, 31.25% had moderate anxiety and 50% had severe anxiety. There was a statistically significant correlation between child’s anxiety and mother’s anxiety (r = 0.348, p<.01). Association between patient factors and child’s anxiety revealed that there was a significant association between type of surgery and child’s anxiety (?2 = 4.334, p<.05), where as age, gender, previous history of hospitalisation and previous history of surgery did not have a significant association with child’s anxiety. Among the maternal factors education, previous experience of mother in child’s hospitalisation and previous experience of mother in child’s surgery did not show a statistically significant association.
KEYWORDS:
Anxiety, child, mother, pre-operative, surgery.
Cite:
Sumathi P. V., Sreedevi T. R. Pre Operative Anxiety of Children undergoing Elective Abdominal Surgery. Asian J. Nursing Education and Research. 2018; 8(3):309-313.
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