Education to Mothers of Under Fives on First aid Measures for Home Accidents at Nadu Arasur, Coimbatore

 

R. Adlin Pon Joy

Lecturer, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, College of Nursing, Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Para Medical Sciences, Coimbatore-44.

E-mail: adlinponjoy@gmail.co.in

 

ABSTRACT:

A study was undertaken to educate the mothers of under fives on first aid measures for home accidents at Naduarasur, Coimbatore. One Group Pre test, Post test design was adopted for the study. A convenient sample of 30 mothers who consented for the study was selected. Pretest was conducted to assess the knowledge by using the structured questionnaire which consisted of thirty three set of questions. After the knowledge assessment one to one education was given regarding first aid measures for home accidents. post test  knowledge was assessed  using the same questionnaire. The results revealed that in the pre test inadequate knowledge prevailed and after education there was an improvement in knowledge on first aid measures for home accidents.

 

KEY WORDS: Mother, Children, Education, First aid, Home accidents

 


INTRODUCTION:

The children of today are the pillars of tomorrow who deserves to inherit a safer, fairer and healthier world. Hence the health of the children is very important in determining the prosperity of a country. Home accidents are frequent problem, although our knowledge of their frequency is poor and biased. Home accidents have a disabling squealed and the prominence of home accidents are more common in developing countries. The growing publicity in recent years associated with accidents at home play a arousing the public conscience in increasing demands for the first aid.

 

The most common site of injury was head and trunk. Children between the age group of 4-6 years have the highest frequency of injuries. It had maximum by scratch injuries(53%) followed by abrasion (28%).upper limb and fingers had maximum of scratch and cut injuries (27%) lower limbs and toes had maximum of abrasions (67%) contusions were maximum on head and trunk. over all (62%) , injuries took place at home (Hartsock,2002). Any problem in the public health can be considered as priority problem if it occurs frequently and or is serious, and is amenable to measure for its treatment. As home accident correlates with the above facts it is taken as priority problem in the community.

Mothers and children’s constitute a priority group. They comprise approximately 70% of the population of the developing countries. Mother is the primary caregiver of the child. It is for the reason that the mother should be aware of the first aid measures for home accidents.

 

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM:

Education to mothers of fewer than fives on first aid measures for home accidents at Nadu Arasur, Coimbatore.

 

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY:

1. Assessment of knowledge of mothers of fewer than fives on first aid measures for home accidents.

2. Education to the mothers of fewer than fives on first aid measures for home accidents.

3. Re-assessment of knowledge of mothers of fewer than fives on first aid measures for home accidents.

 

HYPOTHESIS:

·         There will be a significant difference between the mean pre test and post test knowledge scores.

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

One group pretest –post test design was adopted to assess the knowledge of mothers before and after education. Structured questionnaire which consisted of thirty three sets of questions including demographic variables and questions related to assessment of knowledge of first aid measures was used. The study was conducted at Nadu Arasur, Coimbatore. Data collection was done for a period of fifteen days and 30 samples were selected by simple random technique. Pretest was conducted to assess the knowledge by using the structured questionnaire which consisted of thirty three set of questions. After the knowledge assessment one to one education was given regarding first aid measures for home accidents. post test  knowledge was assessed  using the same questionnaire.

 

FINDINGS:

Table-1 Pretest and Post test knowledge scores of mothers of  under fives regarding  first aid measures for home accidents

N=30

Assessment

Mean

Mean Percentage

SD

t Value

Pre test

29.26

4.52

42.27

 

4. 57 *

Post  test

46.36

3.78

15.24

*P< 0.05

 

The above mentioned table shows the difference between mean , mean percentage, standard deviation and t Value of Pre-test and Post-test knowledge scores of mothers regarding first aid measures  for home accidents.  The  t Value is found to  be greater than the table value. This reveals that there is a significant difference found in the knowledge scores on first aid measures.

 

DISCUSSSION:

The study revealed that majority of mothers have moderate knowledge about first aid measures for home accidents. Hence they need to be educated to enhance their knowledge  . Health education was given regarding first aid measures for home accidents. After giving education to mothers on first aid measures for home accidents, the researcher found that their was a significant difference found in the knowledge score of under five mothers. Where, t=4. 57*  ( *P<0.05).

 

REFERENCES:

1.        Dorothy, R . (2001). “ Text Book Of Pediatric Nursing” . W.B .Saunders Publication, India.

2.        Nicky, L . (2002). “Pediatric Nursing Caring For Children And Their Families’’ Churchill Livingstone  Publication,  India.

3.        Jane , A .(1997) .“Primary Health Care For Children’’. Mosby Publication ,India.

4.        M C Quillan et al . (2002) . “Trauma Nursing’’ W.B. Saunders Publication, India.

5.        Barbara H , (2005) . “Statistical Method For Health Care Research”.Lippincott Williams and Wilkins Publication, Philadelphia.

 

 

 

 

Received on 27.07.2011          Modified on 21.09.2011

Accepted on 12.11.2011          © A&V Publication all right reserved

Asian J. Nur. Edu. and Research 1(4): Oct-Dec. 2011; Page 125-126