A Study to Assess the Effect of Psychoeducation on level of Awareness Regarding ill Effects of Alcohol Abuse Among Lorry Drivers at Selected Setting.

 

Mrs. Devi.C.G.1, Dr. Rajasankar2, Dr. N. Kokilavani3

1Associate Professor, Adhiparasakthi College of Nursing, Melmaruvathur

2Research Guide, Adhiparasakthi College of Nursing, Melmaruvathur.

3Principal, Adhiparasakthi College of Nursing, Melmaruvathur.

*Corresponding Author Email: yaminiindia2001@yahoo.in

ABSTRACT

This study conducted with the objective to assess the pretest and post test psychoeducational level of awareness regarding ill effect of alcohol abuse and to compare the pretest and post test psychoeducational level of awareness regarding ill effect of alcohol abuse among the lorry drivers. The study design used was one group pretest post test design. 60 lorry drivers were selected as a sample based on inclusive and exclusive criteria. Study sample were nominated according to non probability convenient sampling technique. The data was collected by using structured questionnaire to assess the level of awareness regarding ill effects of alcohol abuse, after getting informed consent the pretest was done by administering the structured questionnaire on level of awareness regarding the ill effects of alcoholic abuse, psychoeducation was given on ill effects of alcoholic abuse. On the same day after one week post test was done by administering the same tool. The pretest mean score was 173, S.D 22,9, the post mean score was 228 S.D was 44.3. Comparison of pretest and post test psychoeducational level of awareness score on ill effect of alcoholic abuse analyzed by using paired t test showed that there was high statistical significance at p<0.001 level. The study concluded that psychoeducation was effective in improving the level of awareness on ill effect of alcoholic abuse among lorry drivers.

 

KEY WORDS: Psychoedcuation, Ill effect of alcohol, alcoholic abuse.

 

 


INTRODUCTION:

Alcohol is one of the leading causes of death and disability globally and in India. Global Information System on Alcohol and Health (GISAH) (2005)6 is an essential tool for assessing and monitoring the health situation and trends related to alcohol consumption, alcohol related harm an d policy responses in countries. The harmful use of alcohol results in the death of 2.5 million people annually, there are 60 different types of disease where alcohol has a significant causal role, it is crucial to formulate intervention programme was to create awareness regarding the alcohol abuse problem among the adult population.

 

According to researchers and safety analysts truck drivers is ranked as one of the most dangerous occupation in the world it is the occupation ranked as having the greatest injuries and illness (Wiatrowski, 2005)5 Men are usually more likely to be affected by alcoholism and the burden of disease and injuries accounted for 76% of all disease and injuries among men . the incidence of alcoholic use among the long distance truck drivers were more ,91% of truck drivers consumed alcohol it was concluded that there is a need for preventive and educational campaigns targeting this occupational group focusing on the risk of the se substance use during working hours. So Psycho education on ill effect on alcohol will improves health outcome by optimizing and promoting early recognition of problem and use appropriate intervention.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

A study to assess the effect of psychoeducation on level of awareness regarding ill effects of alcohol abuse among lorry drivers at selected setting.

 

OBJECTIVES

1.       To assess the pretest level of awareness regarding ill effects of alcoholic abuse among lorry drivers.

2.       To assess the post test psycoeducational level of awareness regarding ill effects of alcoholic abuse among lorry drivers.

3.       To compare pretest and post test psycoeducational level of awareness regarding ill effects of alcoholic abuse among lorry drivers.

4.       To associate the post test psycoeducational level of awareness regarding ill effects of alcoholic abuse among lorry drivers with their demographic variable.

 

RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

H1: There is a significant difference in the pretest and post test psychoeducational level of awareness on ill effect of alcoholic abuse among lorry drivers.

H2: There is a significant association of post test psychoeducational level of awareness on ill effect of alcoholic abuse among the lorry drivers with their demographic variables.

 

RESEARCH APPROACH

Research approach chosen for the study is quantitative quasi experimental study approach.

 

RESEARCH DESIGN

One group pretest post test design.

 

VARIABLES

Independent Variables

Psychoeducation on ill effect of alcoholic abuse.

 

Dependent Variables

Level of awareness regarding ill effect of alcoholic abuse.

 

Demographic Variables

Age in years, educational status, marital status, family type, occupation, monthly income in rupees, family members with the habit of substance abuse.

 

SETTING OF THE STUDY

The setting chosen for the study is Pothur gravel sand, Redhills.

 

POPULATION

The study population comprises of lorry drivers with the habit of alcohol abuse who fetch, gravel sand at Pothur, Redhills.

 

SAMPLES

60 lorry drivers who are alcoholic, who fulfilled the inclusive criteria are selected as samples.

 

CRITERIA FOR SAMPLE SELECTION

Inclusive Criteria

1.       Lorry driver who are alcoholic.

2.       Those who can speak and understand Tamil language.

 

Exclusive Criteria

1.       Those who has taking treating for alcoholic abuse are excluded.

 

SAMPLE SIZE

60 lorry drivers.

 

SAMPLING TECHNIQUE

Convenience sampling technique

 

DEVELOPMENT AND DESCRIPTION OF THE TOOL

The tool developed for the study was a structured questionnaire.

 

Section A

Demographic Variables

Section B

Five point rating scale questionnaire to assess the level of knowledge regarding ill effects of alcoholic abuse.

1.       Physical problem (15 items)

2.       Psychological problem (15 items)

3.       Family problem (10 items)

4.       Occupational problem (10 items)

5.       Social problem (10 items)

 

Scoring key:

Total items were 60 and each item carries 5 marks.

Total Score 300

 

Score Level of awareness

≤180 (≤ 60%) Inadequate

181 240 (61 80%) Moderately adequate

≥241 (≥ 80%) Adequate

 

PROCEDURE FOR DATA COLLECTION

A formal permission was obtained from the Supervisor, Pothur Gravel Sand selling area (Koorai) The investigator selected 60 lorry drivers who fulfill the inclusive and exclusive criteria by convenience sampling technique. The time taken for data collection from each lorry driver was 35 minutes. The investigator introduced herself and explained the purpose of the study to the lorry driver and assured the confidentiality of their information. After obtaining oral consent from them structured questionnaire was administered to assess the level of awareness regarding ill effects of alcoholic abuse,.psychoeducation on ill effect of alcohol abuse was given, after 0ne week post test was done by administering structured questionnaire to assess the level of awareness regarding ill effects of alcoholic abuse,

 

PLAN FOR DATA ANALYSIS

Data collected was analyzed by using both descriptive and inferential statistics.

Descriptive Statistics

1.       Frequency and percentage distribution to analyze the demographic variables.

2.       Mean and S.D to assess the level of awareness regarding ill effect of alcoholic abuse.

 

Inferential Statistics

1.       Paired t test to compare the pre and post test level of awareness regarding ill effect of alcoholic abuse.

2.       Chi-square to assess the level of awareness regarding ill effect of alcoholic abuse with their demographic variables.

 

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:

1.       To assess the pretest level of awareness regarding the ill effects of alcoholic abuse among lorry drivers.

The pretest level of awareness regarding ill effects of alcohol abuse among lorry drivers revealed that majority 38(63.4%) lorry drivers had inadequate awareness regarding ill effect of alcoholic abuse, 22(36.6%) had moderately adequate awareness regarding ill effects of alcoholic abuse.

2.       To assess the post test psychoeducational level of awareness regarding ill effect of alcoholic abuse among lorry drivers.

 

The posttest psychoeducational level of awareness regarding ill effects of alcoholic abuse among lorry drivers revealed that majority 53(88.3%) of alcoholic abusers had adequate awareness regarding ill effects of alcoholic abuse, 7(11.7%) had moderately adequate awareness regarding ill effects of alcoholic abuse.

 

The study findings were consistent with the findings of the Campa Nagall J (2005)4 conducted a descriptive study among industrial workers. The study result showed consequences of substance abuse were physical problem (44.2%), psychological (29.5%), work performance (9.5%) mainly due to inadequate level of awareness regarding ill effects of substance abuse.

 

Lipozennnci, c.j(2006)2 stated that Alcoholism at work place is a very important issue has it affects health, reduces productivity and may lead to accidents injuries and decreased work capacity.

 

To compare the pretest and post test psychoeducational level of awareness regarding ill effect of alcoholic abuse among lorry drivers.

 

The comparison between the pre and posttest psychoeducational level of awareness regarding ill effects of alcoholic abuse among lorry drivers revealed that t value of t = 16.0 was statistically highly significant at p<0.001 level.

 

The study findings were supported by the quasi experimental study conducted by Sujatha R (2007)3 to assess the impact of psychoeducation on person dependent on alcohol, cannabis and cigarette. The study was conducted by social workers of Deaddiction Centre, NIMHANS, Bangalore. The study result clearly showed that after the psychoeducation 87% of client gained adequate awareness regarding ill effects of substance abuse.

 

The study findings were supported with descriptive study conducted bySr. Lissa Paul (2012)7 on knowledge and atttuide towards alcoholism the study Findings revealed that adolescents had inadequate knowledge as only 3% of adolescents had excellent knowledge regarding alcoholism while 21% had good,58% had average and 18% had poor knowledge andwith respect to attitude 26% of adolescents had unfavorable attitude, 30% had favorable and only 44% had very favorable attitudes. 26% had unfavorable attitude towards alcoholism. The knowledge gained from this study findings can be utilized to develop and implement effective primary prevention strategies to tackle alcoholism and its associated morbidities

 

Hence the research hypothesis H1 stated that there is a significant difference in the pretest and post test psychoeducational level of awareness on ill effect of alcoholic abuse among lorry drivers is accepted.

3.       To associate the post test psychoeducational level of awareness regarding ill effects of alcoholic abuse among lorry drivers.

 

The association of post test psychoeducational level of awareness regarding ill effects of alcoholic abuse among lorry drivers with selected demographic variables revealed that the demographic variables such as age in years, education and family type had statistically significant association at p<0.05 level.

 

The study findings was supported with Bennett,J.B(2002)1 to compare the influence of personal background and work environment factors on job risk and industrial employees substance abuse. The study result shows that employees who work in job with physical risk and less income report more substance abuse due to lack of awareness about problems of substance abuse because of poor educational background

 

Hence the research hypothesis H2 stated that there is a significant association of post test psychoeducational level of awareness on ill effect of alcoholic abuse among the lorry drivers with their demographic variables. is accepted.

 

RECOMMENDATION:

         A study can be done by using large sample with control and experimental group.

         Weighing of pros and cons of alcoholic abuse problem among lorry drivers can be done.

         Self monitoring drinking and other intervention such as coping skills can be taught.

 

CONCLUSION:

After exposure to psychoeducation on ill effect of alcohol abuse among lorry drivers had gained awareness on ill effects of alcohol on their life affecting not only individual who is having the habit of alcohol use but also the family and the entire community to which he belong.

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

1.        Bennett JB. Influence of personal background and work environment factors on job risk and industrial employees substance abuse. Indian Journal of Psychiatry. 45(4); 2002: 20 30.

2.        Lipp Zennoci CJ. Alcoholism how its affect health and working capacity. Addict behavior. 56(4); 2006: 413 36.

3.        Sujatha R. Impact of psychoeducation on person dependent on substance abuse. Indian Journal of Psychiatry. 49(4); 2007: 241.

4.        Campa Nagall J. Alcohol consumption among industrial workers. Alcohol Addiction. 40(8); 2005: 210 200.

5.        Wiatrowski W. Occupational safety and health statistics. Monthly Labour Review. 128(10); 2005: 18.

6.        alcoholwebindia.in

7.        Sr. Lissa Paul,, Ms. Ramya K. R.knowledge and attitudes towards alcoholism among adolescents.asian journal of nursing education and research.vol2(4);oct-dec2012:212

 

 

 

Received on 29.05.2013 Modified on 22.07.2013

Accepted on 13.08.2013 A&V Publication all right reserved

Asian J. Nur. Edu. and Research 3(4): Oct.- Dec., 2013; Page 224-227