Scrub typhus is caused by the bacteria of the rickettsiaceae family, which spreads through mites in human beings. Scrub typhus derived its name from the two terms "scrub" means "small plant or bushes" and "typhus" means "fever with stupor". Scrub typhus is also famous as a Tsutsugamushi Disease (Orientia tsutsugamushi bacteria). By the bite of chigger mite, the bacteria is transferred into the human body. The common sign/symptoms of scrub typhus are sudden fever (above 104?F), severe headache, pain in the muscles and body, coughing, swelling of lymph glands in various parts of the body, vomiting, diarrhea etc. There is a formation of scar at the site of mite bite. But the scar may not be present in all the cases. Weil- Felix test is the cheapest and easily available for the diagnosis of scrub typhus. The scrub typhus can be treated effectively with antibiotics such as Doxycycline or Azithromycin. Preventive measures include the prevention from mite bite and the destruction of mites through insecticides. Nurses working in the community area and other health workers like ANMs, ASHAs and Anganwadi Workers have ample opportunities for the prevention and management of patient with scrub typhus.
Cite this article:
Indu Rathore. Scrub Typhus (Tsutsugamushi Disease). Asian J. Nursing Education and Research. 2018; 8(2): 301-303. doi: 10.5958/2349-2996.2018.00059.9