Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is a viral respiratory disease caused by a novel coronavirus (MERS-CoV) that was first identified in Saudi Arabia in 2012. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that can cause diseases ranging from the common cold to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). Typical MERS symptoms include fever, cough and shortness of breath. Approximately 36% of reported patients with MERS have died. Although the majority of human cases of MERS have been attributed to human-to-human infections, camels are likely to be a major reservoir host for MERS-CoV and an animal source of MERS infection in humans. However, the exact role of camels in transmission of the virus and the exact route(s) of transmission are unknown. The virus does not seem to pass easily from person to person unless there is close contact, such as occurs when providing unprotected care to a patient. Currently there is no specific treatment is available and so treatment is supportive and based on the patient’s clinical condition.
Cite this article:
Hariprasath Pandurangan. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) a Threat to Asian Countries. Asian J. Nursing Education and Research. 2018; 8(3):375-378. doi: 10.5958/2349-2996.2018.00077.0