Immunization is a simple preventive service. Routine immunization is provided free of charge in India. The other additional vaccines are available as optional. The mothers play a major role in promoting the health of the children. Optional vaccines are those which are given according to once on choice. Assess to immunization services and up to date immunization coverage are essential for protecting every age group from debilitating and potentially life threatening effects of infectious diseases.1 The present study was aimed to assess the knowledge on selected optional vaccines among mothers of under five children in selected immunization centers at Mysore. Objectives: 1.To assess the knowledge regarding optional vaccines among mothers of under five children.2. To associate the level of knowledge of mothers of under five children regarding the optional vaccines with selected socio-demographic variables. Methods: A descriptive study approach was adopted for the study. Samples were selected using non probability convenient sampling technique; samples consist of 60 mothers of under five children from JSS Hospital at Mysore. Data from the study participants was collected by structured knowledge questionnaire on optional vaccines. Data collected was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The findings of the study revealed that the knowledge of mothers of under five children regarding the optional vaccines was inadequate. Data shows that majority of mothers of under five children had poor knowledge regarding optional vaccines 34 (56.6%) ,25 ( 41.8%) had average knowledge and only 1 (1.6%) had good knowledge and the knowledge scores of mothers of under five children regarding optional vaccines ranged from 4-23. It also revealed that the mean knowledge was 10.08 with the standard deviation of ± 3.12. The findings of the study also revealed that the knowledge of mothers of under five children regarding optional vaccines was not having any significant association with their selected personal variables viz. age, education, occupation, marital status, religion, type of family, family income, previous knowledge of optional vaccines and source of information. Conclusion: From the study findings, it is understood that the knowledge regarding selected optional vaccines among mothers of under five children is significantly low. This emphasizes on more responsibility of health care professionals, especially nurses in empowering the mothers of under five children with knowledge to prevent infectious diseases among children.
Cite this article:
Saraswathi. K.N, Lissa J . A study to assess the knowledge on selected optional vaccine among mothers of under five children in selected immunization centers at Mysore with view to develop information booklet . Asian J. Nur. Edu. and Research 4(4): Oct.- Dec., 2014; Page 513-515.