Sapna, Rohit Bhatia, Gautam Sharma, Gopichandran L
Sapna1 , Rohit Bhatia2, Gautam Sharma3 Gopichandran, L1*
1College of Nursing, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029 India
2Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029 India
3Department of Cardiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029 India
Volume - 6,
Issue - 3,
Year - 2016
Background: Several studies have been conducted to assess the stroke awareness among the general population. Few studies conducted on stroke patients have revealed inadequate knowledge regarding various aspects of stroke. No comparative study of stroke awareness among patients with stroke and patients of cardiovascular disorders who are at high risk.
Material and Methods: A comparative cross-sectional survey was conducted on adult stroke survivors (n=201) and patients of cardiovascular disorders who are at high risk (n=201) in neurology and cardiology wards and outpatient clinics. Demographic profile, clinical profile and knowledge questionnaire were used for data collection. Consent was taken from the patients and ethical clearance was obtained.
Results: Both the groups were found to be statistically comparable with respect to age (p=0.280) and sex (p=0.411).Awareness regarding risk factors and warning signs of stroke was significantly higher (p=<0.05) in patients who are at high risk as compared to stroke survivors. More than half of the patients in both groups had <50% knowledge. Only 16% of the patients with stroke and 14% of the patients who are at high risk were aware that stroke could be due to cerebral hemorrhage. Only 12% of the patients with stroke and 11% of the patients who are at high risk knew that the stroke patients should be given immediate treatment within three hours.
Conclusion: Majority of the patients were not found to have adequate knowledge on risk factors, warning signs and need for immediate treatment. Hence, there is an intense need to educate the population at risk for stroke regarding risk factors and warning signs and immediate treatment.
Cite this article:
Sapna, Rohit Bhatia, Gautam Sharma, Gopichandran L. A Comparative Study to Assess the Knowledge on Risk Factors, Warning Signs and Immediate Treatment of Stroke among Stroke Survivors and Patients of Cardiovascular Disorders who are at risk of Stroke. Asian J. Nur. Edu. and Research. 2016; 6(3): 391-396.