Author(s): Veerabhadrappa G. Mendagudli, Shivaleela S. Sarawad

Email(s): Veerabhadrappa.bijapur@gmail.com

DOI: 10.52711/2349-2996.2021.00108   

Address: Veerabhadrappa G. Mendagudli1*, Shivaleela S. Sarawad2
1Research Scholar, Shree JJT University, Jhunjhunu (Rajasthan).
2Assistant Professor, Dr. Vithalrao Vikhe Patil Foundation’s College of Nursing, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 11,      Issue - 3,     Year - 2021


ABSTRACT:
Suicide is the intentional self-infliction of death. It is a leading cause of death all over the world. Suicide is the third leading cause of death among teenagers aged 15 to 19. Low- and middle-income countries account for 79 % of global suicides. Pesticide ingestion, hanging, and weapons are among the most popular ways to commit suicide around the world. Suicides had increased to 230,314 in India in 2016. Suicide was the leading cause of death in both the 15–29 and 15–39 age groups. About 800,000 people die by suicide worldwide every year, of these 135,000 (17%) are residents of India, a nation with 17.5% of world population. A prior suicide attempt is the single most important risk factor for suicide in the general population. Every year, approximately 800,000 people die by suicide around the world, with 135,000 (17%) of them living in India, which accounts for 17.5% of the global population. For every suicide there are many more people who attempt suicide every year. In the general population, having attempted suicide previously is the single most significant risk factor for suicide. Tamil Nadu had the highest suicide rate of 12.5 percent in 2012, followed by Maharashtra (11.9 percent) and West Bengal (11.0 percent). Tamil Nadu and Kerala had the highest suicide rates per 100,000 people among large population states in 2012. In India, the ratio of male to female suicides is around 2:1. The number of suicides in India is estimated to be in the millions. For example, a study published in The Lancet predicted 187,000 suicides in India in 2010, although official data from the Indian government claims 134,600 suicides. According to WHO data, India's age-standardized suicide rate for women is 16.4 per 100,000 (6th highest in the world), and for men it is 25.8 per 100,000. (Ranking 22nd).


Cite this article:
Veerabhadrappa G. Mendagudli, Shivaleela S. Sarawad. Suicide Prevention Strategies: An Overview. Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research. 2021; 11(3):447-8. doi: 10.52711/2349-2996.2021.00108

Cite(Electronic):
Veerabhadrappa G. Mendagudli, Shivaleela S. Sarawad. Suicide Prevention Strategies: An Overview. Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research. 2021; 11(3):447-8. doi: 10.52711/2349-2996.2021.00108   Available on: https://ajner.com/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2021-11-3-35


REFERENCES:
1.    Suicides in India.The Registrar General of India, Government of India (2012)
2.    "Gender differentials and state variations in suicide deaths in India: the Global Burden of Disease Study 1990–2016". Lancet. 1 October 2018. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
3.    Patel, V.; Ramasundarahettige, C.; Vijayakumar, L.; Thakur, J. S.; Gajalakshmi, V.; Gururaj, G.; Suraweera, W.; Jha, P. (2012). "Suicide mortality in India: A nationally representative survey". The Lancet. 379 (9834): 2343-51. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60606-0. PMC 4247159. PMID 22726517.
4.    Suicide Rates – Data by country. World Health Organization.2012. Retrieved 30 November 2015
5.    https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/suicide.
6.    Mental health action plan 2013-2020.Geneva: World Health Organization; 2013, http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/ 89966/1/9789241506021_eng.pdf,accessed 24 July 2016.
7.    Preventing suicide: a global imperative, World Health Organization; 2014, http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/ 131056/1/9789241564779_eng.pdf?ua,accessed on 26 December 2016.

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