Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is recently the most common chronic lung disease and presents a serious medical, economic, and social problem for people. A correlational survey research was adopted to identify relationship between quality of life and disease severity among Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) clients attending Pulmonary Medicine OPD in a selected hospital, Kolkata with the objectives to assess the quality of life of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) clients and to find out correlation between disease severity and quality of life among Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) clients. Purposive sampling technique was adapted to select 138 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) clients attending Pulmonary Medicine OPD in a tertiary care hospital, Kolkata. The structured interview schedule was used to collect on demographic data and standardized WHO QOL BREF tool was used to assess Quality of Life. Standardized GOLD criteria were used to assess disease severity of COPD clients. Reliability of the demographic data collection tool was established by inter- rater method and r was 0.77. All the tools were tried out before final data collection. The finding of the study revealed statistically non-significant relationship between all the domain of QOL and disease severity of COPD patients. Total Quality of Life score is also not significantly related with COPD Disease severity score. The study results also showed that QOL is not associated with sociodemographic characteristics. The study concluded that, there is no correlation between quality of life and disease severity.
Cite this article:
Uma Rani Adhikari, Soma Roy. A Correlational study on quality of life and disease severity among Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) clients attending a pulmonary Medicine OPD of a Tertiary care hospital, Kolkata. Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research. 2021; 11(4):528-2. doi: 10.52711/2349-2996.2021.00125
Uma Rani Adhikari, Soma Roy. A Correlational study on quality of life and disease severity among Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) clients attending a pulmonary Medicine OPD of a Tertiary care hospital, Kolkata. Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research. 2021; 11(4):528-2. doi: 10.52711/2349-2996.2021.00125 Available on: https://ajner.com/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2021-11-4-17
1. Kendrova L, Mikulakova W, Nachvatal P, Homzova P, Gajdos M, Cuj J. Quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Slovakia. Hrvatska revija za rehabilitacijska istrazivanja. 2015 Dec 28; 51(2): 57-63.
2. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/chronic- obstructive-pulmonary- disease-(copd).
3. Why India Is Struggling To Tackle Its Lung Disease Crisis By Swagata Yadavar Last Updated: July 21st, 2019. IndiaSpend, Governance newsletter. Accessed on 27thMay 2021 from https://www.indiaspend.com/why-india-is-struggling-to-tackle-its- pulmonary-disease-crisis/
4. Jennings KM. The Roy adaptation model: a theoretical framework for nurses providing care to individuals with anorexia nervosa. ANS. Advances in nursing science. 2017 Oct; 40(4): 370.
5. Cheruvu VK, Odhiambo LA, Mowls DS, Zullo MD, Gudina AT. Health-related quality of life in current smokers with COPD: factors associated with current smoking and new insights into sex differences. International journal of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. 2016; 11: 2211.
6. Global strategy for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Global initiative for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (GOLD). Available from
7. World Health Organization. WHOQOL-BREF: introduction, administration, scoring and generic version of the assessment: field trial version, December 1996. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1996.
8. Jain A, M Richpal & Jain G. Study of Predictors of Quality of Life and its Association with Anxiety and Depression in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Industrial Worker. Indian Community Med, 2020; 45(3): 338-342.
9. Ahmed M, Neyaz A, Aslami A. health-related quality of life of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients: Results from a community based cross-sectional study in Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India. Lung India. 2016; 33: 148-53.
10. Halvani A, Pourfarokh N, Nasiriani K. Quality of life and related factors in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Tanaffos. 2006; 5(3): 51–6
11. Agrawal SR, Joshi R, Jain A. Correlation of severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with health-related quality of life and six-minute walk test in a rural hospital of central India. Lung India. 2015; 32: 233–40.
12. Uppal M, Gupta B, Suri JC, Mittal V. Factors affecting severity, functional parameters, and quality of life in COPD patients. JIACM. 2014; 15: 42–6.
13. Gaude N.C, Dessai A M. Health related quality of life in COPD patients: a cross-sectional study. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2018 May; 5(5): 2038-2042
14. Shavro SA, Ezhilarasu P, Augustine J, Bechtel JJ, Christopher DJ. Correlation of health-related quality of life with other disease severity indices in Indian chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2012; 7: 291–6.
15. Gobartt E, Lucas P De, Group S. Health-related quality of life in outpatients with COPD in daily practice: the VICE Spanish study. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2008; 3(4): 683–92.
16. Wijnhoven H a, Kriegsman DM, Hesselink AE, Penninx BW, de Haan M. Determinants of different dimensions of disease severity in asthma and COPD : pulmonary function and health-related quality of life. Chest. 2001; 119(4): 1034–42.