J. Violet Jayamani, Premila Lee, Greeda Alexander, Jasmin Helan Prasad, Vijayaprasad Gopichandran5, Ruby Angeline Pricilla, Solomon Christopher
J. Violet Jayamani1, Premila Lee2, Greeda Alexander3, Jasmin Helan Prasad4,
Vijayaprasad Gopichandran5, Ruby Angeline Pricilla6, Solomon Christopher7
1.Asst.Professor, College of Nursing, Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Paramedical Sciences, Coimbatore
2.Professor, College of Nursing, Christian Medical College, Vellore
3.Professor, College of Nursing, Christian Medical College, Vellore
4.Professor, Community Health Department, Christian Medical College, Vellore
5.Medical and Research Office, Rural Women’s Social Education Center, Kanchipuram District
6.Assistant Professor, Community Health Department, Christian Medical College, Vellore
7.Lecturer, Department of Biostatistics, Christian Medical College, Vellore
Volume - 3,
Issue - 4,
Year - 2013
Introduction: Non communicable diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and heart diseases are increasing in India. There is a clear need to study risk factors for NCD’s in various population groups in the country.
Methods: This community based cross sectional survey was conducted to study the diet and physical activity of women in urban and rural areas in Vellore district. Dietary data was collected using 24 hour dietary recall and physical activity was collected using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Socio demographic variables were collected to assess the risk factors for unfavorable diet and physical activity.
Results: The odds of the rural women engaging in high physical activity are 3.61 times greater than urban women (95% CI 2.36-5.54). The mean duration spent on watching television was 222.84 minutes (SD 125.14 mins) during week days and 203.92 minutes (SD 109.32 mins) during weekends. The mean calorie intake was 1755 Kcal (SD 491.58 Kcal). The odds of the rural women consuming a high calorie diet are 0.52 times that of the urban women. (95% CI 0.35-0.78). The odds of the rural women being overweight/ obese are 0.18 times than that of the urban women (95% CI =0.10-0.30). Women who were housewives and not doing household work were significantly less physically active, took higher calorie diet and were more overweight and obese compared to women who were involved in active household work.
Conclusions: Urban women had unfavorable diet and physical activity levels compared to rural women. They also had higher levels of overweight and obesity. There is a need for targeted NCD prevention interventions among urban women.
Cite this article:
J. Violet Jayamani, Premila Lee, Greeda Alexander, Jasmin Helan Prasad, Vijayaprasad Gopichandran5, Ruby Angeline Pricilla, Solomon Christopher. Diet and Physical Activity among Women in Urban and Rural Areas in South India – a Community based Comparative Survey. Asian J. Nur. Edu. and Research 3(4): Oct.- Dec., 2013; Page 211-219.