Anemia is a serious health public health problem affixing mainly the vulnerable population all over the world’s. Its estimated that 2000 million people all over the world is suffering with anemia. Anemia is defined as reduction in circulating hemoglobin mass below the critical level one normal hemoglobin (Hb) concentration in the body is between 12-14 grams % therefore any hemoglobin level below 11gm in pregnancy should be considered as anemia. Iron deficiency Anaemia, particularly in its severe form during pregnancy, is the major factor contributing to maternal morbidity and mortality as well as low birth weight. Studies show that about 70% of pregnant woman have Hb level lower than 9 gram /dl. Objectives: To Assess the knowledge of pregnant women regarding anemia, To Associate the knowledge of pregnant women regarding anemia with specific demographic variables and To Identify the deficit areas of knowledge of pregnant women regarding anemia with a view to develop guidelines on knowledge of anemia. Methods: Descriptive study with non experimental design was used. Totally 100 pregnant women were interviewed face to face using structured interview schedule in Gynecological and obstetrical OPD of Guru Nanak Mission hospital, Punjab. Data were collected using pretested structured interview schedule. The samples were selected through purposive sampling. Descriptive and statistical analysis was carried out. Result: Mean knowledge score and Mean percentage of pregnant women regarding Anemia was 20.49 and 68.30% respectively. There was no significant association between knowledge score and selected demographic variables such as age at 0.05 level (p value :0.116), duration of marriage at 0.05level (p value:0.5494), gravidae at 0.05 level (p value:0.6520), duration of marriage at 0.05 level (p value:0.7081), source of Information at 0.05 level(p value:0.7015), residential area at 0.05 level (p value:0.2247) and the significant association found between knowledge score and demographic variables such as educational status at 0.05 level (p value:0.0007), type of family at 0.05 level (pvaluie:0.0000), Family income at 0.05 level (p value:0.0042), dietary habit at 0.05 level(p value : 0.0087), degree of anemia at 0.05 level (p value:0.0000). Related to identification of deficit area the mean and mean percentage of knowledge score of pregnant women regarding introduction and definition was maximum 7.64 (76.40 %) with rank 1 and followed by mean knowledge score regarding causes and sign and symptoms 3.60 (72.00%) with rank 2, complication 2.51(62.75%) with rank 3 and minimum 6.73 (61.18%) with rank 4 belongs to prevention and control and mean knowledge score of pregnant women regarding anemia was 20.48 and mean percentage of knowledge score of pregnant women regarding anemia was 68.3 %.
Cite this article:
Mrs. Priyanka A Masih. Assessment of knowledge among pregnant women Regarding anemia. Asian J. Nursing Education and Research. 2020; 10(2):163-170. doi: 10.5958/2349-2996.2020.00036.1