Good reproductive health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being in all matters relating to the reproductive system. Human beings are beings, it means human beings are capable to reproduce, and able to maintain reproductive health. Adolescence represents acceleration in terms of biological, psychosocial and sexual development. The reproductive health and sexual needs of an adolescent are not so openly discussed in Indian scenario due to cultural and traditional norms in society. Inadequate information about sexuality and reproductive health has the potential to create misunderstanding in the youth, due to which they cannot adopt healthy practices and attitudes towards sex and reproductive health. Adolescents period is nurtured by awakening endocrine forces and a new set of psychosocial tasks. Due to the long-standing tradition in which girls are married very early, especially in rural areas, gives rise to many pregnancy-related problems and unsafe abortions leading to death among women aged 15-19 yrs. The risk of maternal mortality among adolescent mothers stands twice as high that of mothers aged 25–39 years. Adolescents must know the varies changes physiological and psychological changes which takes place. During this period, the body starts to develop and grow into physical maturity. This is the time when the body will start developing all the secondary sexual characteristics. The physiological changes during puberty differs in boys and girls. Adolescent girls should be aware about the reproductive health, scientific reasons and hygienic health practices. Menstruation is a major part of life for millions of young girls and women worldwide. On an average, a woman will menstruate for 3,000 days during her lifetime. According to Eric Erickson, before the adolescent can successfully abandoned the security of childhood, and dependence on others, he must have some idea about himself. An adolescent boy not only needs information but also an adult to guide him when he has his first seminal emission when he has fantasies and to relieve his doubts about masturbation in case of boys. Similarly adolescent girl’s needs information and an adult to guide her when she gets her first menstruation, and to deal with the body changes. youngsters should be comfortable with their own sexuality and have an understanding of their bodies to develop self-confidence and self-esteem. Education about physiological changes during puberty, family planning, conception, and contraception could give the young women an opportunity to make her own informed decisions. Education regarding reproductive health can help to overcome the culture of ignorance, hesitation, shame and fear associated with the community. Objectives of the study – 1. To assess the knowledge of adolescent girls regarding reproductive health before planned teaching 2. To assess the effectiveness of planned teaching of adolescent girls on reproductive health 3. To find out significant association between the knowledge score with selected demographic variables. Method- A Quasi experimental pretest posttest design which included Adolescent girls in the age group of 13 yrs to 15 yrs. Non probability purposive sampling technique was used to select 60 adolescent girls from St Mira’s Secondary School, Pune city. Result – Descriptive inferential statistical method was used to analyse the data. Paired “t” tests was applied to determine the effect of planned teaching on pretest and posttest knowledge score and compared. Majority of the samples 72.86% had a family income of Rs. 9000/- month, 60.00% had a income of 5001-7000/-Month ,70.33%had an income of 7001-9000/- month and 67.52 had a income more than 3000/-5000-month. Mean knowledge score of adolescent girls regarding reproductive health in pretest was 15.16 and in the post test it became 20.43. The paired ‘t’ value was also computed to find out the effect of planned teaching on knowledge of adolescent girls at the degree of freedom (df59). The calculated value was (11.98) which was greater than table value of 't' (2.00) at 0.05 level of significance. Conclusion - Thus from the above statistical data the researcher found that the planned teaching was highly effective in enhancing the knowledge of girls regarding reproductive health.
Cite this article:
Supriya Sushant Chakre. A Study to assess the Effectiveness of Planned Teaching regarding Reproductive Health among adolescent girls in Pune City. Asian J. Nursing Education and Research. 2018; 8(4):493-497. doi: 10.5958/2349-2996.2018.00101.5