Cancer rehabilitation is a program that helps people with cancer in maintaining and refurbishing the physical, emotional and social well-being. In cancer, a person is considered to be a survivor from the time he is diagnosed, to the treatment, and until he remains alive. The outcomes of cancer are minimal for some survivors; these patients can return to a normal life once the treatment is complete. However, many survivors do experience physical or psychosocial effects of cancer and its treatment. This paper highlights the effect of cancer rehabilitation on specific physical and psycho-social impairments of cancer survivors.
1. Definition of survivor - NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms - National Cancer Institute [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jan 9]. Available from: https://www.cancer.gov/publications/dictionaries/cancer-terms/def/survivor
2. Cancer Statistics - India Against Cancer [Internet]. [cited 2020 Jan 8]. Available from: http://cancerindia.org.in/cancer-statistics/
3. Alfano CM, Cheville AL, Mustian K. Developing high-quality cancer rehabilitation programs: a timely need. American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book. 2016 May; 36:241-9.
4. Bloom JR, Petersen DM, Kang SH. Multi-dimensional quality of life among long-term (5+ years) adult cancer survivors. Psychooncology. 2007; 16:691–706. [PubMed: 17628036]
5. Stein KD, Syrjala KL, Andrykowski MA. Physical and psychological long-term and late effects of cancer. Cancer. 2008; 112:2577–2592. [PubMed: 18428205]
6. Weaver KE, Forsythe LP, Reeve BB, et al. Mental and physical health-related quality of life among u.s. cancer survivors: population estimates from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2012; 21:2108–2117. [PubMed: 23112268]
7. Harrington CB, Hansen JA, Moskowitz M, et al. It’s not over when it’s over: long-term symptoms in cancer survivors—a systematic review. Int J Psychiatry Med. 2010; 40:163–181. [PubMed: 20848873]
8. Hewitt, M.; Greenfield, S.; Stovall, E. From Cancer Patient to Cancer Survivor: Lost in Transition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press; 2005.
9. Rehabilitation After Cancer [Internet]. Livestrong. 2016 [cited 2020 Jan 2]. Available from: https://www. livestrong.org/ we-can-help/healthy-living-after-treatment/ rehabilitation -after-cancer
10. Pandey M, Thomas B C. Rehabiitation of cancer patients. J Postgrad Med 2001; 47:62
11. Dolan LB, Barry D, Petrella T, Davey L, Minnes A, Yantzi A, Marzolini S, Oh P. The cardiac rehabilitation model improves fitness, quality of life, and depression in breast cancer survivors. Journal of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation and prevention. 2018 Jul 1;38(4):246-52.
12. Cherrier MM, Anderson K, David D, Higano CS, Gray H, Church A, Willis SL. A randomized trial of cognitive rehabilitation in cancer survivors. Life sciences. 2013 Oct 17;93(17):617-22.
13. Dietz JH Jr. Rehabilitation of the cancer patient. Med Clin North Am 1969; 53:607.
14. Silver JK, Baima J. Cancer prehabilitation: an opportunity to decrease treatment-related morbidity, increase cancer treatment options, and improve physical and psychological health outcomes. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2013; 92:715.
15. Tsai HJ, Hung HC, Yang JL, et al. Could Kinesio tape replace the bandage in decongestive lymphatic therapy for breast-cancer-related lymphedema? A pilot study. Support Care Cancer 2009; 17:1353.
16. Baldwin ER, Baldwin TD, Lancaster JS, et al. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation and exercise for reducing trapezius muscle dysfunction in survivors of head and neck cancer: a case-series report. Physiother Can 2012; 64:317.
17. Van Daele DJ, Finnegan EM, Rodnitzky RL, et al. Head and neck muscle spasm after radiotherapy: management with botulinum toxin A injection. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2002; 128:956.
18. Pfister DG, Cassileth BR, Deng GE, et al. Acupuncture for pain and dysfunction after neck dissection: results of a randomized controlled trial. J Clin Oncol 2010; 28:2565.
19. Dijkstra PU, Sterken MW, Pater R, et al. Exercise therapy for trismus in head and neck cancer. Oral Oncol 2007; 43:389.
20. McDonald BC, Conroy SK, Ahles TA, et al. Gray matter reduction associated with systemic chemotherapy for breast cancer: a prospective MRI study. Breast Cancer Res Treat 2010; 123:819.
21. McDonald BC, Conroy SK, Smith DJ, et al. Frontal gray matter reduction after breast cancer chemotherapy and association with executive symptoms: a replication and extension study. Brain Behav Immun 2013; 30 Suppl: S117.
22. Yoshikawa E, Matsuoka Y, Inagaki M, et al. No adverse effects of adjuvant chemotherapy on hippocampal volume in Japanese breast cancer survivors. Breast Cancer Res Treat 2005; 92:81.
23. Bober SL, Recklitis CJ, Michaud AL, Wright AA. Improvement in sexual function after ovarian cancer: Effects of sexual therapy and rehabilitation after treatment for ovarian cancer. Cancer 2018; 124:176.
24. Goode AD, Lawler SP, Brakenridge CL, et al. Telephone, print, and Web-based interventions for physical activity, diet, and weight control among cancer survivors: a systematic review. J Cancer Surviv 2015; 9:660.