Background: Nurses play a very crucial role in promoting and maintaining the health of the patients in the hospital, by maintaining standard precautions and healthy environment. In hospitals the patients are also the ports for transmission of the infection to health care workers, to other patients and the visitors thus leading to health care related infections, for Eg: Nosocomial infections, which is the main cause for morbidity and mortality rate and thus has major concern globally, the aim of the study is to assess the knowledge and practice of staff nurses regarding nosocomial infection. Objectives: 1. To assess the knowledge of staff nurses regarding nosocomial infection. 2. To assess the practice of staff nurses regarding nosocomial infection. 3. To find out the relationship between the knowledge and practice of staff nurses regarding nosocomial infections. 4. To find out the association between knowledge of staff nurses regarding Nosocomial infections with their demographic variables. 5. To find out the association between practice of staff nurses regarding Nosocomial infections with their demographic variables. 6. To develop an information booklet on nosocomial infection. Methodology: Among staff nurses at selected hospital Andhra Pradesh, a sample of 100 participants were selected using convenient sampling; descriptive survey research design was used. Data was collected by using knowledge questionnaire and checklist to assess practice, using structured interview schedule. Data obtained in these areas were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics, Result: The overall knowledge scores obtained was 3 (3%) of staff nurses had adequate knowledge, 40 (40%) moderate knowledge and57 (57%) had inadequate knowledge. Whereas in practice none had showed good practice, 20% had fair practice, 80% showed having poor practices. There was a positive correlation between the knowledge and practices scores. Conclusion: The study concluded that continuing education programmes are needed to improve the health awareness and early prevention skills and method thus, suppressing the possibility of the spread and transmission of nosocomial infections as well as continuous surveillance in each department and for the health personnel must be followed by the CDC (centres for disease control) recommendations.
Cite this article:
K. Sharon Rose, Sanjay M. Peerpaur. A Study to assess the knowledge and Practice of Staff Nurses regarding Nosocomial infections, with a view to develop an information Booklet. Asian J. Nursing Education and Research. 2021; 11(1):1-4. doi: 10.5958/2349-2996.2021.00001.X
1. Nosocomial and Community Infections: the role of Clinical Microbiology Laboratory. Manual of clinical Microbiology. 5thed. A Balows,ed.Washington,D.C ,Americian Society for Microbiology; 1999
2. Peter A. Gross,M.D, Hawld .C, Deaths from nosocomial infections : experience in a university hospital and a community hospital,vol, 68, issue 2, pp No, 219-220
3. WHO. WHO Guidelines on hand hygiene in health care. Geneva: WHO; 2010. ISBN, 978(92), 4
4. Centres for disease control and prevention; methicillin -resistant, staphylococcus aureus. WWW.cdc.gov/ncidod/hip,1999
5. Watikins R, Wynaden D, Hart L. Perception of infection control practices among health professionals. ContempNure. 2006;22:109-119.
6. Aziz A. Hand hygiene compliance in the pre-hospital setting Journal of Paramedic Practice 2078;10:6
7. Practice Standard: Infection Prevention and control. Canada: College of Nurses of Ontario: 2005.
8. WHO. Prevention of hospital-acquired infection: A practical guide. 2nd edition 2002
9. Vandijck DM, Labeau SO, VogelaersDP,Blot SI. Prevention of nosocomial infections in intensive care patients NursCrit Care.2010 Sep- Oct; 15(5):251-6